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By Alan Phillips

Wales, a small kingdom, is plagued by the relics of conflict - Iron Age forts, Roman ruins, medieval castles and the coastal forts of the eighteenth and 19th centuries. the most important development of fortifications in Wales came about through the reign of Edward I. They weren't in basic terms equipped to discourage an invader, yet to manage the widespread Welsh uprisings. the subsequent wave of buildings happened in the course of the eighteenth and 19th centuries, whilst a few forts and gun emplacements have been equipped, often in South Wales, to discourage a seaborne invasion. the 20 th century brought a brand new mode of defence, specifically throughout the global wars, within the type of pillboxes, tank traps and gun emplacements. a few of the airfields built have been the main noticeable type of defence and will be considered as the castles of the interval. This publication appears at how Welsh castles secure Wales to make it what it truly is today.

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