By Jeffrey Freedman
Though the sphere of booklet heritage has lengthy been divided into discrete nationwide histories, books have seldom been as respectful of nationwide borders because the historians who research them—least of all within the age of Enlightenment whilst French books reached readers all through Europe. during this erudite and engagingly written learn, Jeffrey Freedman examines probably the most very important axes of the transnational ebook alternate in Enlightenment Europe: the circulate of French books among France and the German-speaking lands. concentrating on the severe function of publication buyers as cultural intermediaries, he follows French books via every one degree in their journey—from the French-language printing retailers the place they have been produced, to the wholesale booklet festivals in Leipzig, to retail e-book retailers at destinations scattered largely all through Germany. At a few of these destinations, experts reacted with alarm to the unfold of French books, burning works of the novel French Enlightenment and punishing the booksellers who bought them. yet officers had little strength to curtail their circulate: the political fragmentation of the German lands made it nearly very unlikely to police the ebook alternate. principally unimpeded by way of censorship, French books circulated extra freely in Germany than within the absolutist monarchy of France.
In comparability, the move of German books into the French industry used to be negligible—an asymmetry that corresponded to the hierarchy of languages in Enlightenment Europe. yet publishers in Switzerland produced French translations of German books. through name alterations, artistic enhancing, and mendacious ads, the Swiss publishers tailored works of the German Enlightenment for an viewers of French-readers that stretched from Dublin to Moscow.
An cutting edge contribution to either the heritage of the booklet and the transnational research of the Enlightenment, Freedman's paintings tells a narrative of the most important significance to knowing the stream of texts in an age within which the idea that of global Literature had now not but been invented, however the phenomenon already existed.
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