Download Alexander II: King of Scots 1214-1249 by Richard Oram PDF

By Richard Oram

by means of equivalent degree state-builder and political unifier and ruthless opportunist and bloody-handed aggressor, Alexander II has been praised or vilified through earlier historians yet has infrequently been considered within the around. This e-book explores the king's successes and screw ups, delivering a clean evaluation of his contribution to the making of Scotland as a country. It lifts the point of interest from an introspective nationwide background to examine the fellow and his country in wider British and eu background, reading his foreign relationships and supplying the 1st precise research of the efforts to see a long-lasting diplomatic way to Anglo-Scottish clash over his inherited claims to the northern counties of britain. greater than only a political narrative, the e-book additionally seeks to light up facets of the king's personality and his relationships with these round him, in particular his mom, his first spouse Joan Plantagenet, and the nice magnates, clerics and officers who served in his family and management. The ebook illustrates the techniques during which the mosaic of petty principalities and rival power-bases that lined the map of past due 12th-century Scotland had turn into through the mid-13th century a unified country, hybrid in culture(s) and multilingual yet acknowledging a typical identification as Scots.

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